ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is the world’s largest developer of voluntary International Standards. International Standards give state of the art specifications for products, services and good practice, helping to make industry more efficient and effective. Developed through global consensus, they help to break down barriers to international trade.
ISO is a network of national standards bodies. These national standards bodies make up the ISO membership and they represent ISO in their country.
Today ISO has members from 164 countries and 3335 technical bodies to take care of standard development. More than 150 people work full time for ISO’s Central Secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland.
ISO 9000 Standards: this is a set of quality standards developed in 1987 by the International Organization for Standardization. The three major areas of certification are as follows:
ISO 9001: covers all the processes of a company from design and development to procurement, production, testing, installation and service.
ISO 9002: covers everything except design and development.
ISO 9003: covers only inspection and testing.