Third-party inspection and testing organizations, also known as fair inspections, refer to an object outside two interconnected entities. We call it a third party. A third party can be associated with two entities, or it can be independent of two entities, and it is a third party that is outside the interests of buying and selling. The fair and authoritative non-participants who are certified by the relevant state administrative agencies. Third-party inspection and test reports are issued according to the inspections of goods conducted by relevant laws, standards or contracts.
The start time of third-party inspection and inspection agencies in Europe and the United States was in the 15th century, from AD 1400 to AD 1499. Among the most influential events during this period was the transatlantic voyage of the Italian Columbus in 1492, which discovered the New World, the Americas. At that time, China was in the Ming Dynasty. The involvement of mature third-party inspection and testing agencies in European countries and the United States in commodity inspections has been common in the mid-nineteenth century (circa 1840–1860) and has led to a conscious business practice.
China's inspection market can be divided into government inspections, third-party inspections and internal inspections based on the nature of participants. The development of government inspections and third-party inspections has gradually evolved with the promulgation and implementation of various policies. The development of internal inspections of enterprises is synchronized with the development of various production companies.
The starting time of China's third-party inspection agencies is after 2000. The opening time of China's testing market to third-party independent testing agencies is as follows:
After the founding of New China in 1949
China's government has detected the development first, and the state-owned testing agency is responsible for all commodity inspections.
Inspection industry is open to private third-party testing agencies
The testing industry is completely open to foreign independent third-party testing agencies
The Eleventh National People's Congress Standing Committee requested relevant departments and units to follow the national food safety rectification work arrangement, which emphasized the need to speed up the advancement of inspection and inspection resources and information sharing, and actively promote the construction of third-party technical institutions.
The Ministry of Railways issued a new "Measures for the Administration of Railway Product Certification". The certification of railway products no longer has to be carried out by the China Railway Certification Center. Instead, it shall be changed to "Conformity assessment of whether the relevant railway products conform to standards and technical specifications by a certification body with legal qualifications. activity". The supervision department for certification work was changed to the National Certification and Accreditation Regulatory Commission, and it will be implemented from July 2012.
The Environmental Protection Agency of Zhejiang Province issued the "Opinions on Promoting the Marketization of Environmental Testing" and proposed nine items of market-based mission testing services.
The "Several Opinions of the State Council on Promoting the Development of the Health Service Industry" proposes to vigorously develop third-party services. Guide the development of professional medical examination centers and imaging centers. Support the development of third-party medical service evaluations, health management service evaluations, and health market research and consulting services. Treat social forces fairly and provide food and drug testing services.
The State Council approved the “Overall Plan for the China (Shanghai) Free Trade Pilot Zone” and called for promoting the transformation of the mode of trade development, encouraging the establishment of third-party inspection and appraisal agencies, and adopting its test results in accordance with international standards.
The Ministry of Commerce, etc. issued the "Circular on Implementation of the Policy Opinions on Supporting Cross-border E-Commerce Retail Export", which clearly requires the implementation of centralized reporting and centralized handling of relevant inspection and quarantine procedures. After the new inspection and supervision model is established, the e-commerce export enterprises and their products will be subject to inspection and quarantine filing or access management, and third-party inspection and certification organizations will be used to conduct conformity assessment of product quality and safety.
The Central Commissioner and the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine jointly issued the "Implementation Opinions on the Integration of Inspection, Inspection, and Certification Organizations" agreed by the State Council, indicating that the situation of inspection and inspection industries monopolized by state-owned organizations will change, and the third party testing market will expand in different forms ( Enterprises no longer rely on government agencies' testing agencies and can find third-party testing agencies; government agencies can purchase services from third-party testing agencies and expand the scale through outsourcing.
China's third-party testing started late and is currently in a period of rapid development. Various third-party inspection and testing institutions have risen rapidly. With flexible operating mechanisms, localized market strategies, and strong expansion capabilities, the market share of private inspection agencies continues to rise, while the market share of state-owned inspection agencies and foreign-invested inspection agencies is declining.
Due to differences in local policies, the time for third-party inspections and inspections to be open throughout the country varies. Third-party occupational health inspections in Sichuan Province were opened in 2008. Third-party environmental inspections were opened in 2009, and third-party public health inspections were opened in 2012. Our company was established in July 2013 and is a third-party public health inspection agency established earlier in Sichuan Provinc